In March of 1969, Chicano activists gathered at
the Youth and Liberation Conference in Denver, Colorado and drafted the
Program for El Plan Espiritual de Aztlán. Alurista, a Chicano poet
from San Diego, California, wrote the following Preamble to the Plan Espiritual
PREAMBLE TO THE PLAN ESPIRITUAL DE AZTLÁN
In the spirit of a new people that is conscious
not only of its proud historical heritage, but also of the brutal "Gringo"
invasion of our territories, we, the Chicano inhabitants and civilizers
of the northern land of Aztlán, from whence came our forefathers,
reclaiming the land of their birth and consecrating the determination
of our people of the sun, declare that the call of our blood is our power,
our responsibility and our inevitable destiny.
We are free and sovereign to determine those tasks which are justly called
for by our house, our land, the sweat of our brows and by our hearts.
Aztlán belongs to those that plant the seeds, water the fields
and gather the crops, and not to foreign Europeans. We do not recognize
capricious frontiers on the Bronze Continent.
Brotherhood unites us, and love of our brothers makes us a people whose
time has come and who struggles against the foreigner Gabacho
who exploits our riches and destroys our culture. With our hearts in our
hands and our hands in the soil, we declare the independence of our Mestizo
nation. We are a Bronze People with a Bronze Culture. Before the world,
before all of North America, before our brothers in the Bronze Continent,
We are a Nation of free pueblos, we are Aztlán.
March , 1969